Today words are:
- Crude oil
- Contemplation – serious and quiet thought for a period of time:
She was staring out over the lake, lost in contemplation.
The nuns have an hour for silent contemplation every morning.
Food for deep contemplation.
Here is the deep contemplation for the next one week.
- Nun – a member of a female religious group that lives in a convent:
a convent school run by Catholic nuns
- Convent – a building in which nuns (= members of a female religious order) live
- Persuade – to make someone do or believe something by giving them a good reason to do it or by talking to that person and making them believe it:
If she doesn’t want to go, nothing you can say will persuade her.
[+ (that)] It’s no use trying to persuade him (that) you’re innocent.
[+ to infinitive] He is trying to persuade local and foreign businesses to invest in the project.
Using a bunch of bananas, the zoo-keeper persuaded the monkey back into its cage.
The first priority is to persuade the management of the urgency of this matter.
Her legal advisers persuaded her into/out of mentioning (= to mention/not to mention) the names of the people involved in the robbery.
Clever salesmanship can persuade you to buy things you don’t really want.
I have a suspicion that he only asked me out because my brother persuaded him to. Johnson was influential in persuading the producers to put money into the film.
She used her womanly charms to persuade him to change his mind:
- Mesmerize -to have someone’s attention completely so that they cannot think of anything else:
I was completely mesmerized by the performance.
- Radicalize – to make someone become more radical (= extreme) in their political or religious beliefs:
The movie has clearly radicalized some voters.
The bomber was thought to have been radicalized while in prison.
Many young people were radicalized by the war.
- Crude (oil) -oil from underground that has not yet been made into other products
- Embargo -an order to temporarily stop something, especially trading or giving information, to officially stop trading with another country:
They have put an embargo on imports of clothing.
The police asked for a news embargo while they tried to find the kidnapper.
They are planning to embargo oil imports.
- Claim – to ask for something of value because you think it belongsto you or because you think you have a right to it:
The police said that if no one claims the watch, you can keep it.When King Richard III died, Henry VII claimed the English throne.
- Vital – necessary for the success or continued existence of something; extremely important:
A strong opposition is vital to a healthy democracy.
She had found out some information of vital importance.
The kidney plays a vital role/part in the removal of waste productsfrom the blood.
[+ that] It’s absolutely vital that you do exactly as I say.
[+ to infinitive] It is vital to get medical supplies to the area as soonas possible.
- Resist – to fight against something or someone that is attacking you; to refuse to accept or be changed by something; to stop yourself from doing something that you want to do:
The soldiers resisted (the enemy attacks) for two days.
The party leader resisted demands for his resignation.
He tried to run away from the police and was charged with resisting arrest.
The new hybrid crops are much better at resisting disease.
I can never resist temptation/chocolate/the urge to laugh.
[+ -ing verb] She couldn’t resist laughing at him in those clothes.
- Coward – a person who is not brave and is too eager to avoid danger, difficulty, or pain:
They branded her a coward for informing on her colleagues during the interrogation.
- Resolution – a promise to yourself to do or to not do something:
[+ to infinitive] I made a resolution to give up chocolate.
- Brutal –cruel, violent, and completely without feelings:
a brutal dictator
He had presided over a brutal regime in which thousands of peoplehad “disappeared”.
He was imprisoned in 1945 for the brutal murder of a twelve-year-old girl.
- Accuse – to say that someone has done something morally wrong, illegal, or unkind:
“Don’t worry, I’m not accusing you.
“He’s been accused of robbery/murder.
Are you accusing me of lying?
The surgeon was accused of negligence.
- Negligence – the fact of not giving enough care or attention to someone or something:
- Petition – to make a formal request for something, especially in a law court:
They’re petitioning for/about better facilities for disabled people.
[+ obj + to infinitive ] I think we should petition the government toincrease the grant for the project.
She is petitioning for a re-trial.
- Temptation – the wish to do or have something that you know you should not do or have:
[+ to infinitive] As a young actress, she resisted the temptation tomove to Hollywood.
- Utter -complete or extreme:
utter confusion/misery/chaosutter nonsense/rubbish/drivelThe meeting was a complete and utter waste of time.Lying back in the hot bath was utter bliss.
- Substance – importance, seriousness, or relationship to real facts:
There is no substance in/to the allegation.
This new information gives substance to the stories we have heard.
- Cling – [I + adv/prep] to stick onto or hold something or someone tightly, or to refuse to stop holding it, him, or her:
We got so wet that our clothes clung to us.
They clung together in terror as the screams grew louder.
One little girl was clinging onto a cuddly toy.
She clung to the handrail as she walked down the slippery steps.
- Assumption -something that you accept as true without question or proof:
People tend to make assumptions about you when you have a disability.
These calculations are based on the assumption that prices will continue to rise.
- Offend – to make someone upset or angry:
[+ that] I think she was offended that she hadn’t been invited to the party.He looked offended when you called him middle-aged.If the sight of a few dirty dishes offends you, then I think you’re in trouble!
- Resentment – to feel angry because you have been forced to accept someone or something that you do not like:
She bitterly resented her father’s new wife.[+ -ing verb] He resents having to explain his work to other people.
- Distinguish (yourself) – to do something so well that you are admired and praised for it:
He distinguished himself as a writer at a very early age.
- Insane – extremely unreasonable or stupid:
It would be insane not to take advantage of this opportunity.
- Marinade -a mixture, usually containing oil, wine, or vinegar and herbsand spices, that you pour over fish or meat before it is cooked, in order to add flavour to it or make it tender:
Pour the marinade over the beef and leave it for 24 hours.
- Endorse -to make a public statement of your approval or support for something or someone:
The Council is expected to endorse the committee’s recommendations.formal I fully endorse (= agree with) everything the Chairperson has said.
- Ultimate – most extreme or important because either the original or final, or the best or worst:
Of course the ultimate responsibility for the present conflict without doubt lies with the aggressor.
My manager will make the ultimate decision about who to employ.
Infidelity is the ultimate betrayal.the ultimate luxury cruiser.
Your ultimate goal is to play the game as well as you can.
Some people believe that he is the ultimate painter of this century.
- Ember – a piece of wood or coal, etc. that continues to burn after a firehas no more flames:
We sat by the glowing/dying embers of the fire.