- Brag – to speak too proudly about what you have done or what you own:
If there is anything is this book that sounds as though I’m bragging about myself, I didn’t intent it that way.
She’s always bragging about how much money she earns.
[+ that] They bragged that their team had never been beaten.
- Stumble – [I usually + adv/prep] to walk in a way that does not seem controlled:
I saw Frank Better make hist first stumbling talk in public, and I have seen him delight and inspire large audiences all the way from Portland to Miami.
We could hear her stumbling about/around the bedroom in the dark.
He pulled on his clothes and stumbled into the kitchen.
- Consecutive – Consecutive events, numbers, etc. follow one after another without an interruption:
We talked to the same audience four hours a night for five consecutive nights.
This is the fifth consecutive weekend that I’ve spent working.
- Plead – to make an urgent, emotional statement or request for something:
But Dale spent one whole afternoon with, pleading with me to tell my own story, just as I had from the lecture.
He was on his knees, pleading for mercy/forgiveness.
She appeared on television to plead with the kidnappers.
[+ speech] “Give us more time,” they pleaded.
- Blunder – a serious mistake, usually caused by not taking care or thinking:
In these pages, I have tried to tell the story of my stupid blunders and mistakes, and precisely what I did that lifted me out of the ranks of failure and despair.
He said that the tax was a major political blunder.
I made a blunder by getting his name wrong.
- Jackrabbit – a type of large North American rabbit
I didn’t know any more about selling than a jackrabbit.
- Privilige – an opportunity to do something special or enjoyable:
In fact, I wouldn’t have the rare privilege of writing this book if I hadn’t asked him that question.
I had the privilege of interviewing Picasso in the 1960s.It was a real privilege to meet her.
- Veteran – a person who has had a lot of experience of a particularactivity:
“You drag yourself around the field like a veteran who has been playing ball for twenty years,” he told me.
a 20-year veteran of the New York Police Department
- Induce – [T + obj + to infinitive ] to persuade someone to do something:
A week later, Danny induced New Haven, Connecticut, to give me a trial.
They induced her to take the job by promising editorial freedom.Nothing could induce me (= I definitely cannot be persuaded) to climb a mountain/ride a bike.
- Stupendous – very surprising, usually in a pleasing way, especially by being large in amount or size:
I got this stupendous increase in salary, but not because I could throw a ball better – or catch or etc.
He ran up stupendous debts through his extravagant lifestyle.
Stupendous news! We’ve won £500,000!
- Dismal – sad and without hope:
After two dismal years of collecting installments, I decided to try selling insurance with the Fidelity Mutual Life Insurance Company.
The acting was dismal, wasn’t it?
What dismal weather!
- Disheartening – causing a person to lose confidence, hope, and energy; discouraging:
The next ten months were the longest and most disheartening months of my life.
The new injury, after he had come back from the last, was disheartening.
- Stirring – A stirring speech or song is one that produces strong, positive emotions.
Dale Carneige than gave our class a stirring talk on the power of enthusiasm.
- Pound – to hit repeatedly with force, or to crush by hitting repeatedly:
As I pounded my fist with excitement, I expected every minute to have the man stop me and ask if there was anything wrong with me, but he didn’t.
The speaker pounded his fists on the table.
Waves were pounding at the rocks.
- Clench -to close or hold something very tightly, often in a determined or angry way:
The old man clenched his fist and waved it angrily at us.
With a knife clenched in/between his teeth, he climbed up the treeto cut some coconuts.
“Get out of here,” she said through clenched teeth.
- Erect – in a straight vertical position, or standing up or out from a surface or body:
At one stage of the interview, I noticed he raised himself to a more erect position and opened his eyes wider …
- Overwhelmingly – strongly or completely; in an overwhelming way:
I would not want to give anybody the impression that I think enthusiasm consists of fist-pounding is what you need to arouse yourself inside, then I am overwhelmingly for it.
The team were overwhelmingly defeated in yesterday’s game.
- Dynamo – an energetic force:
He became a human dynamo.
Onstage she is a human dynamo, spending the hour in perpetualmotion.
- Astound – to surprise or shock someone very much:
Looking back across the years, I am astounded how trivialities have changed the entire course of my life.
The news astounded me.
I was astounded at the fact that I could keep going for almost half an hour, and I was even more astounded when twenty or thirty men came up afterward, shook my and told me how much they had enjoyed it.
- Triviality – something that is not important; the state of not being important:
I’m a busy man – don’t bother me with trivialities.
The prison sentence seemed harsh, considering the triviality of the offence.
- Crate – a box made of wood, plastic, or metal, especially one dividedinto parts to hold bottles:
I wanted a job as a shipping clerk, because as a boy I had worked for the American Radiator Company, hammering nails into crates and stenciling them for shipment.
- Stencil – to draw or paint something using a stencil
- Dispair – the feeling that there is no hope and that you can do nothing to improve a difficult or worrying situation:
I was not only discouraged; I was in the depths of despair.
They’re in (the depths of) despair over/about the money they’ve lost.
To her teacher’s despair, Nicole never does the work that she’s told to do.
Their fourth year without rain drove many farmers to despair.
- Incentive – something that encourages a person to do something:
How am I going to make myself see the people? I thought. I certainly have incentive enough.
Tax incentives have been very effective in encouraging people to save and invest more of their income.[+ to infinitive] There is little incentive for people to leave their carsat home when public transport remains so expensive.Bonus payments provide an incentive to work harder.
- Timidity – shy and nervous; without much confidence; easily frightened:
I would have to overcome this timidity and fear of talking to strangers.
Kieran is a timid child.
My dog is a little timid – especially around other dogs.
- Tremble – to shake slightly, usually because you are cold, frightened, or very emotional:
Of course, I was trembling – in fact, I was terrified – but somehow I managed to tell them why I was there.
When he came out of the water, he was trembling with cold.
Her bottom lip trembled, and tears welled up in her eyes.
His voice started to tremble, and I thought he was going to cry.
- Triumph – a very great success, achievement, or victory (= when you wina war, fight, or competition), or a feeling of great satisfaction or pleasure caused by this:
That was one of the biggest triumphs in my life.
The book celebrates the hostages’ remarkable triumph overappalling adversity.The signing of the agreement was a personal triumph for the primeminister.It was the Republican Party’s third election triumph in a row.The eradication of smallpox by vaccination was one of medicine’s greatest triumphs.The constitutional changes have been hailed as a triumph fordemocracy.The game ended in triumph for the home team.He returned in triumph from the sales with a half-price TV.
- Prominent – very well known and important:
To my surprise, J.Borton Weeks, prominent Delaware County attorney who had acted as chairman of the meeting, walked down to the station with me.
a prominent member of the Saudi royal family
The government should be playing a more prominent role in promoting human rights.
- Necktie – a tie
Why, I don’t have time to go buy myself a necktie.
- Retrace – to go back over something, for example a path or a series of past actions:
You made me retrace my steps all the way from Cincinnati!
When he realized he had lost his keys, he retraced in his mind his movements that day.