- Zest -(excitement) enthusiasm, eagerness, energy, and interest:
“On the contrary,” she smiled, “my life took on a new zest.”
It’s wonderful to see the children’s zest for life.
He approached every task with a boundless zest.
The recording captures the zest of this live concert performance.
- Frantic – adj. very worried/frightened
I was driven frantic by debts.
Where on earth have you been? We’ve been frantic with worry.
- Scrapbook – a book with empty pages where you can stick newspaperarticles, pictures, etc. that you have collected and want to keep
I cut it out and put it in my scrapbook.
- Indolent – showing no real interest or effort:
It isn’t that I’m indolent.
An indolent wave of the hand
An indolent reply
- Nibble – to eat something by taking a lot of small bites:
I nibble this, I nibble that, but never finish what I’m at.
Do you have some peanuts for us to nibble while the party warmsup?
A mouse has nibbled through the computer cables.
Jenny’s hamster’s nibbled a hole in the sofa.
- Memorandum – a short written report prepared specially for a personor group of people that contains information about a particularmatter:
I thought I might as well get the memorandum book your company said they had set aside for me.
Michael Davis has prepared a memorandum outlining our need for an additional warehouse.
- Astound – to surprise or shock someone very much:
I was astounded to hear that it was one of the biggest individual sales that had ever been made in their history.
The news astounded me.
- Blundering –
Since the sale was made by a green blundering dub like me, who had never finished grade school, it created a mild sensation.
- Mutter – to speak quietly and in a low voice that is not easy to hear, often when you are worried or complaining about something:
He then muttered the most vital truth I have ever heard about selling.
Stop muttering and speak up!He was muttering (away) to himself.
Laurence muttered something about his wife and left.
He muttered something under his breath to the person next to him.
- Interpret – to decide what the intended meaning of something is:
If Clayt Hunsicker hadn’t analyzed it and interpreted it for me, I might have gone on stumbling through the years.
It’s difficult to interpret these statistics without knowing how they were obtained.A jury should not interpret the silence of a defendant as a sign of guilt.
- Sentimental – too strongly influenced by emotional feelings:
Naturally, he had a sentimental feeling for that business.
Why be sentimental about that old coat?
It’s a cheap ring but it has great sentimental value for me.
- Climax – to reach the most important or exciting part:
This was climaxed by a dinner which he gave at the Manufacturers’ Club in Philadelphia for these key men.
he show climaxed with all the performers singing on stagetogether.
The Olympics climaxed in a spectacular closing ceremony.
- Dread – to feel extremely worried or frightened about something that is going to happen or that might happen:
He’s dreading the exam – he’s sure he’s going to fail.
[+ -ing verb] I’m dreading having to meet his parents.
- Nuisance – (make a nuisance of yourself) to cause trouble or to annoy other people
I had dreaded to go in to see people, for I feared I was making a nuisance of myself.
- Cynical – used to say that someone’s feelings or emotions are used to your own advantage:
This man had tried selling various lines for several years and obviously had grown very cynical.
She works in that most cynical of industries – advertising.
He praises my cooking but it’s just a cynical ploy to get me to make him dinner.
- Parable – a short, simple story that teaches or explains an idea, especially a moral or religious idea
Remember Jesus’ parable about the three men who were given the talents?
- Multiply – to increase very much in number, or (in mathematics) to add a number to itself a particular number of times:
I don’t know of any better you can improve and multiply your talents than through this work.
In warm weather these germs multiply rapidly.
If you multiply seven by 15 you get 105.
- Paramount – more important than anything else:
This universal law is of such paramount importance that it takes precedence over all other laws of human relations.
There are many priorities, but reducing the budget deficit is paramount/is of paramount importance.
- Solicit – to contact possible customers in order to sell a product:
I thought it right and necessary to solicit.
It generated about 40% of its new customers through telemarketers hired to call and solicit potential customers.
Insurance agents cannot solicit business at your home without an appointment.
- Contradict –
Even with all of his persistence, no one got the impression that Elliot Hall was arguing or contradicting anybody.
If you’re both going to lie, at least stick to the same story and don’t contradict each other!
He kept contradicting himself when we were arguing – I think he was a bit confused.
How dare you contradict (me)!
Recent evidence has contradicted established theories on this subject.
- Crystallize – (of people) to say the opposite of what someone else has said, or (of one fact or statement) to be so different from another factor statement that one of them must be wrong:
His method of helping people to crystallize their thinking-with questions-continues to be without parallel in my experience.
- Cultivate – to try to develop and improve something:
She has cultivated an image as a shrewd investor.
He cultivated business contacts in ten major cities.
- Elaborate – containing a lot of careful detail or many detailed parts:
About ten large companies of New York had already submitted elaborate proposals.
You want a plain blouse to go with that skirt – nothing too elaborate.
They’re making the most elaborate preparations for the wedding.
He came out with such an elaborate excuse that I didn’t quite believehim.
- Actuary – a person whose job is to calculate risk for insurance companies and pension funds, especially the age to which people are expected to live. The companies and funds use the results to make certain that they always have enough money to make payments to the people who have a right to them:
Well, in the first place, properly to interpret those proposals would require an actuary, and it takes seven years to become an actuary.
Actuaries and auditors have a statutory duty to report anything that exposes the assets of a pension scheme to risk.
- Deliberation – (careful) a slow careful way of doing something:
Slowly and with deliberation she turned to me and told me to get out.
- Grippe –
Suppose you should wake up tomorrow morning with a sore throat and find yourself laid up for a week with a grippe?
- (Hat)rack – a frame or shelf, often formed of bars, that is used to holdthings:
After a few moments, slowly rises from desks, looks into space, walks over to window, then to hat rack.
a vegetable rack, a plate racka luggage rack
- Vulnerable – able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced, or attacked:
What is the most vulnerable point?
I felt very vulnerable, standing there without any clothes on.It is on economic policy that the government is most vulnerable.
Tourists are more vulnerable to attack, because they do not knowwhich areas of the city to avoid.
- Grin – to smile a wide smile:
He grinned at me from the doorway.
What are you grinning about?
a wide smile:
I assumed things had gone well for him because he had a big grin on his face.a broad/sheepish grin, with a grin
- Obscure – to make something difficult to discover and understand:
Never try to cover too many points; don’t obscure the main issue.
Managers deliberately obscured the real situation from federalinvestigators.