Driving

This week I took my driver test and got my license. While I was preparing for the writing test, I gained below knowledge and learned below vocabularies.

Abbreviations:

  • DMV – Division of Motor Vehicles
  • DWI – Driving While Impaired
  • BAC – A blood alcohol concentration

Traffic Participants:

  • Motor vehicles (car, truck, motorcycle)
  • Bicycle
  • Farm Machinery
  • School buses
  • Emergency and Law Enforcement Vehicles
  • Funeral Procession
  • Pedestrian
  • Animals

Roads:

  • Interchanges
  • Intersection
  • Highway
  • 2 and 4-lane roadway
  • Side road
  • Open road
  • Secondary road
  • Cross road
  • Winding road
  • Street
  • Parking lot
  • Railroad crossing
  • Bicycle lanes

Relevant verbs and actions:

  • Driving
  • Adjusting (mirror, speed)
  • Rounding
  • Turning
  • Following
  • Changing lanes
  • Passing
  • Backing
  • Parking
  • Scanning
  • Communicating
  • Tap the pedal
  • Pull … off
  • Obtain (driver license)
  • Duplicate (driver license)

Types of Driving:

  • Offensive driving
  • Defensive driving
  • Hazardous driving
  • Night driving
  • Aggressive driving
  • Reckless driving
  • Drowsy Driving
  • Distracted Driving
  • Three-Point Turnabout/U-turn

Hazardous Driving

  1. Rain
  2. Fog
  3. Sun Glove
  4. Snow & Ice
  5. Night driving
  6. Flood conditions
  7. Hydroplaning
  8. Work zone

Vehicle Equipment:

  1. Lights (headlights, amber lights, taillights and parking lights)
  2. Mirror (rear-view mirror, side mirrors)
  3. Brakes
  4. Anti-Lock braking system
  5. Auto theft prevention
  6. Tires
  7. Steering wheel
  8. Engine
  9. Pedal (clutch pedal, brake pedal)
  10. Gear
  11. Horns
  12. Sirens
  13. Muffler and exhaust system
  14. Suspension system
  15. Emergency warning flashers
  16. Windshield wipers

Road conditions & Adjectives:

  • Dimples
  • Pavement
  • Asphalt
  • A slick surface
  • A skidding movement
  • Momentum
  • A single point interchange

Driving related words:

  1. Motor Vehicle
  2. Traffic
  3. Driver License
  4. License Plate
  5. Transportation Alternatives
  6. Liability Insurance
  7. Handicapped placards
  8. Hand Signals
  9. Cruise Control
  10. Seat belt
  11. Child seat
  12. Booster seat
  13. Air bags
  14. Motorcycle helmet

Traffic signals:

  1. Circular
  2. Arrow
  3. Flashing

Traffic signs:

  1. Regulatory signs
  2. Warning signs
  3. Guide/Informational Signs

Parking:

  • Angle parking
  • Parallel parking
  • Perpendicular parking

Emergencies:

  1. Brake failure
  2. Wet brakes
  3. Gas Pedal sticks
  4. Blowouts
  5. Breakdowns
  6. Unusual emergencies
  7. Skids

Vocabularies:

  1. Enacted – to put something into ​action, ​especially to make something ​law:
    A ​package of ​economic ​sanctions is to be enacted against the ​country.
  2. Impaired – ​damaged or weakened:
    He was given a ​ticket for ​driving while impaired by ​alcohol.
  3. Revocation – the ​act of ​stating ​officially that an ​agreement, ​right, or ​legal ​document is no ​longer ​effective:
    revocation of a licence/permit/pass Violators of the ​law​ concerning firearms face ​fines and possible revocation of their ​permits.
  4. Severity – seriousness:
    I don’t ​think you ​quite ​understand the severity of ​our ​financial​ problems.
  5. Conviction – the ​fact of ​officially being ​found to be ​guilty of a ​particular ​crime, or the ​act of ​officially ​finding someone ​guilty: Since it was her first conviction for ​stealing, she was given a less ​severe ​sentence.
  6. Mandatory – Something that is mandatory must be done, or is ​demanded by ​law:
    In 1991, the British ​government made it mandatory to ​wear ​rear ​seat​belts in ​cars.
  7. Felony – (an ​example of) ​serious ​crime that can be ​punished by one or more ​years in ​prison:
    He was ​convicted of a felony.
  8. Suspension – the ​act of ​stopping something ​happening, ​operating, etc. for a ​period of ​time:
    The suspension of ​fighting is to take ​effect at 6 a.m. on ​Monday.
  9. Restriction – an ​official ​limit on something:
    ​import/​export/​currency restrictions
  10. Ignition – the ​electrical ​system in an ​engine that ​causes the ​fuel to ​burn or ​explode in ​order to ​start the ​engine:
    Switch/Turn the ignition on
  11. Siren – a ​device for making a ​loud ​warning ​noise:
    When the ​air ​raid siren went off ​people ​ran to ​their ​shelters.
  12. Puddle – a ​small ​pool of ​liquid on the ​ground, ​especially from ​rain
  13. Skid -(​especially of a ​vehicle) to ​slide along a ​surface so that you have no ​control:
    Tony’s ​car skidded on some ​ice and ​hit a ​tree.
  14. Litter – n. (rubbish) – ​small ​pieces of ​rubbish that have been ​left ​lying on the ​ground in ​public ​places:
    About two ​percent of fast-food ​packaging ​ends up as litter.
  15. Seize -to take something ​quickly and ​keep or ​hold it:
    He seized the ​chance/​opportunity of a ​free ​flight with both ​hands(= with ​eagerness or ​enthusiasm).
  16. Gear – n. (engine part) a ​device, often consisting of ​connecting sets of ​wheelswith ​teeth (= ​points) around the ​edge, that ​controls how much ​power from an ​engine goes to the ​moving ​parts of a ​machine:
    The ​car should be in gear (= with ​its gears in ​position, ​allowing the ​vehicle to ​move).
  17. Visor – a ​part of a ​helmet that can be ​pulled down to ​cover the ​face, or a ​curved ​piece of ​stiff ​material that is ​worn above the ​eyes to give ​protection from ​strong ​light from the ​sun
  18. Manslaughter – the ​crime of ​killing a ​person when the ​killer did not ​intend to do it or cannot be ​responsible for his or her ​actions:
    She was ​sentenced to five ​years’ ​imprisonment for manslaughter.
  19. Assault – a ​violent ​attack:
    They ​launched an assault on the ​capital ​yesterday
  20. Restraint –  to ​control the ​actions or ​behaviour of someone by ​force, ​especially in ​order to ​stop them from doing something, or to ​limit the ​growth or ​force of something:
    When he ​started ​fighting, it took four ​police ​officers to restrain him.
  21. Violation – an ​action that ​breaks or ​acts against something, ​especially a ​law, ​agreement, ​principle, or something that should be ​treatedwith ​respect:
    He ​claimed that the way he’d been ​treated was a ​gross violation ofhis ​civil/​constitutional/​human ​rights.
  22. Prudent – careful and ​avoiding ​risks:
    [+ to infinitive] It’s always prudent to ​read a ​contract ​carefully before ​signing it.
  23. Sway –  to ​move ​slowly from ​side to ​side:
    The ​trees were swaying in the ​wind.
    A ​drunk was ​standing in the ​middle of the ​street, swaying ​uncertainlyand ​trying hard to ​stay ​upright.
  24. Field – v. (stop) to ​stop in ​order to ​allow other ​vehicles to go past, ​especially before you ​drive onto a ​bigger ​road:
    If you’re going ​downhill, you need to yield to ​bikers going ​uphill.
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